The New Testament

A Historical and Theological Introduction


43. The Formation of the Canon

Questions for Review

  1. What does the word “canon” mean? What is an etymology?
  2. By the time of the NT, what was the state of the OT canon?
  3. Why might Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, and Esther have had some difficulty being recognized as part of the canon?
  4. Why does the number of books vary between the English OT and the Hebrew Bible?
  5. What is the difference between the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha?
  6. How were the books of the NT originally collected into groups?
  7. What was the first list of books of the NT?
  8. What was Tatian’s Diatessaron and why is it significant to the collection of the Gospels?
  9. What is the Muratorian Canon and why is it important with regard to the canonization of the NT?
  10. What are the three categories into which Eusebius divided potential books for the canon?