The New Testament

A Historical and Theological Introduction


8. Form and Redaction Criticism

Questions for Review

  1. Define “form criticism” and “redaction criticism.”
  2. What are the three life settings of the Gospel tradition?
  3. Explain the significance of Schmidt’s 1919 book on form criticism. Do the same for the book written by Dibelius published in the same year.
  4. What are the form classifications found in Bultmann’s 1921 book on form criticism?
  5. What are some of the chief criticisms of Bultmann’s form critical work on the Gospels?
  6. Presuming the priority of Mark, how can we see the editorial activity in Matthew and Luke?
  7. What is the “problem of circularity” and is it a valid criticism of redaction criticism?
  8. What ongoing value is there in redaction criticism?
  9. What is meant by the phrase “new literary criticism” with regard to the NT?
  10. Give a brief description of rhetorical criticism.