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Intermediate Greek Grammar

Syntax for Students of the New Testament

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This intermediate grammar for students of New Testament Greek incorporates the advances of recent linguistic research in an accessible and understandable way. Drawing on years of teaching experience at a leading seminary, David Mathewson and Elodie Ballantine Emig help students extend their grasp of Greek for reading and interpreting the New Testament and related writings. The authors make extensive use of New Testament texts to illustrate each grammatical category. They take into account the most significant advances in Greek language study (verbal aspect, discourse analysis, linguistics, the "death" of deponency) and focus on major and exegetically significant grammatical usages.

Long enough to provide substantial help yet concise enough for frequent practical use, this text is ideal for intermediate Greek and Greek exegesis classes. It is also a valuable resource for preachers and other interpreters.

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1. The Cases
2. Pronouns
3. Adjectives and Adverbs
4. The Article
5. Prepositions
6. The Greek Verb System
7. Voice, Person, and Number
8. Mood
9. Infinitives
10. Participles
11. Clauses, Conditional Clauses, and Relative Clauses
12. Dependent Clauses and Conjunctions
13. Discourse Considerations


"This intermediate-level introduction to New Testament syntax is up to date on the most recent research and developments in the study of Greek and presents cutting-edge information with a rare combination of clarity and insight, reinforced by a number of clear examples from the New Testament. Mathewson and Emig are wise, experienced, and gifted teachers and have given students exactly what they need to build on a study of basic Greek. This book should be on the shelf of every student who is eager to grow in understanding the New Testament in Greek."

Roy E. Ciampa, Nida Institute for Biblical Scholarship

"When intermediate grammars present a more advanced view of Greek, they often compile ever more elaborate categories to classify the grammatical phenomena of the New Testament, presenting the Greek language like a patient etherized upon a table. The current authors are different. They invite their readers to see language as a living thing and to read Greek with sensitivity to shifting realities based on context and nuanced usages, and they show in each case how to do this. This book provides students with the solid food necessary to read Greek at a more mature level. I will use this book."

George L. Parsenios, associate professor of New Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary

"It is a pleasure to commend this intermediate Greek grammar. It is well informed about recent advances in the study of Greek while offering a concise and minimalist presentation of Greek syntax. By focusing on reading Greek in context, it encourages students to understand syntax in ways that make sense of the Greek language. The result is a clear, informed, and student-oriented tool for teaching and learning Greek at the next level."

Constantine R. Campbell, associate professor of New Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School

The Authors

  1. David L. Mathewson

    David L. Mathewson

    David L. Mathewson (PhD, University of Aberdeen) is associate professor of New Testament at Denver Seminary in Littleton, Colorado. He is the author of Verbal Aspect in the Book of Revelation and has written commentaries on Revelation and the Septuagint...

    Continue reading about David L. Mathewson

  2. Elodie Ballantine Emig

    Elodie Ballantine Emig

    Elodie Ballantine Emig (MA, Denver Seminary) is instructor of New Testament Greek at Denver Seminary in Littleton, Colorado. In addition to various other endeavors in ministry, research, and writing, she has been helping seminary students learn Greek well for...

    Continue reading about Elodie Ballantine Emig


"A user-friendly, linguistically-informed grammar that joins a short list of outstanding resources for mid-level Greek instruction. . . . Intermediate Greek Grammar is a model of succinctness and clarity. Mathewson and Emig combine clear explanations of complex grammatical phenomena with carefully chosen examples that show how Greek grammar plays out in the NT. Each major section concludes with extended practice texts that encourage students to do grammatical analysis in context. . . . They keep student needs front and center throughout. . . . They are also adept at using real-life illustrations to explain complex grammatical issues. . . . These and many other features of this book make it an effective teaching tool. . . . Intermediate Greek Grammar stands out among similar works for being manageable in size, highly accessible in presentation, and up to date in its application of linguistic theory."

Martin M. Culy,

Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society

"Intermediate grammars, like those for beginners, are normally teaching tools and arise out of that context. This work is no exception, though the teaching element is mainly found in blissfully short exercise sections, mostly at the end of each chapter. The authors take a fair bit of inspiration from the linguistic approach as promoted by Stanley Porter. . . . This self-confident grammar is pleasantly written and contains many helpful examples."

Dirk Jongkind,

Journal for the Study of the New Testament

"Helpfully, the authors provide many practical examples for their grammatical points and are careful to illustrate these with NT texts from across the spectrum of Gospels, Acts, epistles, and Revelation. Each section finishes with a NT text 'for practice' that challenges students to apply what they have been learning to a longer text or texts. Overall, the work is well researched, well structured and clearly written. . . . Students and teachers will find this a helpful and insightful grammar that teaches and summarizes much of the way Koine Greek is being understood now by Greek specialists in a fair and succinct way."

Philip Richardson,

Religious Studies Review

"The authors have provided students with a reliable guide for building their knowledge of New Testament Greek by sharpening their knowledge of Greek grammar and leading readers to put basic grammar to use in exegesis. The book could be used as a supplemental textbook for exegetical courses of particular NT books as well as the primary textbook for a syntax course. All things considered, this book is one of the most accessible intermediate grammars currently available and should be used in a variety of settings. The authors are to be commended for producing a volume that is readable rather than simply serving as a reference work."

Wendel Sun,

Biblical Theology Bulletin

"[The authors] demonstrate expertise in current discussion of the language, taking account of recent and reliable scholarly work on Greek grammar. . . . Mathewson and Emig have written a clear, well-informed guide to New Testament Greek Grammar that should prove helpful to intermediate students in a classroom setting and to those who wish to update and improve their knowledge of Greek. There is no longer any excuse for reproducing outdated interpretations of Greek!"

Alistair I. Wilson,

Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology

"This intermediate Greek grammar incorporates some of the most recent linguistic insights into the study of Koine Greek, making accessible to students advances in the areas of verbal aspect theory, the voice system, conjunctions, and linguistic and discourse studies."

New Testament Abstracts

"Having just completed my third semester of (intermediate) Greek, [I] read through Mathewson and Emig's grammar in conjunction with my required intermediate readings for the course. So, my review and insights are from the perspective of an intermediate Greek student who was actually using the Intermediate Greek Grammar alongside my course! . . . I enjoyed working through Mathewson and Emig's grammar. It is concise and good to use in conjunction with other Greek resources. . . . This will be a helpful resource for students of New Testament Greek. It certainly was for me, and I gleaned a lot from it. Mathewson and Emig's incorporation of recent scholarship makes their grammar unique and relevant. Their minimalistic approach was, for me, a breath of fresh air in the midst of drowning in a sea of categories and subcategories."

Mike Reynolds,

Brave Daily blog