Baker Academic has a brand new website! Click Here To Visit:

Exegetical Gems from Biblical Greek

A Refreshing Guide to Grammar and Interpretation

Cover Art Request Exam Copy

Where to Purchase

More Options


Learning Greek is a difficult task, and the payoff may not be readily apparent. To demonstrate the insight that knowing Greek grammar can bring, Benjamin Merkle, a recognized expert in Greek, summarizes thirty-five key Greek grammatical issues and their significance for interpreting the New Testament. As Merkle presents exegetical insights from the Greek New Testament, he offers a strategic and refreshing way to review the essentials of Greek grammar.

This book is an ideal supplemental text for a variety of Greek courses. It is perfect for students looking to apply the Greek they have worked so hard to learn as well as for past students who wish to review their Greek. It also includes examples and illustrations to help professors strengthen their lectures.

1. Koine Greek
Matthew 18:8
2. Textual Criticism
Romans 5:1
3. Nominative Case
John 1:1
4. Vocative Case
Ephesians 5:21-22
5. Genitive Case
1 Timothy 3:6
6. Dative Case
Ephesians 5:18
7. Accusative Case
Romans 10:9
8. The Article
1 Timothy 3:2
9. The Granville Sharp Rule
Titus 2:13
10. Colwell's Canon
1 Timothy 6:10
11. Adjectives
2 Timothy 3:16
12. Verbal Aspect
Matthew 16:24
13. Present Indicatives
1 John 3:6
14. Imperfect Indicatives
Galatians 1:13
15. Future Indicatives
Matthew 4:4
16. Aorist Indicatives
Ephesians 4:20
17. Perfect and Pluperfect Indicatives
John 19:30
18. Subjunctive Mood
Hebrews 13:5
19. Imperative Mood
Matthew 6:11
20. Optative Mood
1 Corinthians 6:15
21. Adverbial Participles
1 Peter 5:6-7
22. Verbal Participles
Matthew 28:19
23. Periphrastic Participles
Matthew 18:18
24. Infinitives
1 Timothy 6:17-18
25. Pronouns
Luke 16:19-20
26. Prepositions
Ephesians 4:12
27. Adverbs
Romans 11:26
28. Conjunctions and Particles
Philippians 2:12-13
29. Conditional Sentences
Colossians 1:23
30. Figures of Speech
Matthew 5:13
31. Context
Philippians 4:13
32. Word Studies
Ephesians 1:10
33. Exegetical Fallacies
John 21:15-17
34. Discourse Analysis
Hebrews 1:4-5
35. Diagramming
Hebrews 6:4-6


"The book is aptly titled: readers are indeed treated to exegetical gems from the Greek text. Merkle also provides a concise review of Greek grammar as he discusses particular biblical texts. This is a most helpful way to keep up or review one's Greek and to learn more about the biblical text at the same time."

Thomas R. Schreiner, James Buchanan Harrison Professor of New Testament Interpretation and associate dean, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

"Merkle is passionate about helping people make progress in their study of the Greek New Testament, and nothing shows that better than this book. The author provides a treasure chest for current students, and those who want to refresh their Greek, by focusing on points of syntax and related issues while examining sample passages. The discussion is clear and provides solid, even profound help in Greek to benefit all readers of this work. Highly recommended!"

S. M. Baugh, professor of New Testament, Westminster Seminary California

"Don't be misled by the title. These are not random gems rolling around loosely in a jewelry box drawer. These brilliant gems have been carefully selected, ordered, and strung on a gold chain. Merkle thoroughly treats exegetically significant examples of the major grammatical categories covered in biblical Greek, following the order in which most students learn them. His explanations are clear, and his exegesis is insightful. This book is a very valuable guide for any student learning or relearning Greek."

Charles L. Quarles, research professor of New Testament and biblical theology and Charles Page Chair of Biblical Theology, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

The Author

  1. Benjamin L. Merkle
    Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

    Benjamin L. Merkle

    Benjamin L. Merkle (PhD, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary) is the Dr. M. O. Owens Jr. Chair of New Testament Studies and research professor of New Testament and Greek at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North...

    Continue reading about Benjamin L. Merkle