Encountering the New Testament, 4th Edition

A Historical and Theological Survey

series: Encountering Biblical Studies


23. Peter, John, and Jude

Chapter Intro Video

Chapter Objectives

  • Discuss the authorship of 1 and 2 Peter
  • Outline the content of the books of 1 and 2 Peter
  • Identify the emphases of 1 Peter
  • Compare the life of the pilgrim with the life of the world
  • Identify the emphases of 2 Peter
  • Provide evidence that John the apostle wrote 1, 2, and 3 John
  • Outline the content of the books of 1, 2, and 3 John
  • State the purposes for the writing of 1, 2, and 3 John
  • Outline the content of the book of Jude
  • Discuss the purpose of Jude

Chapter Summary

  1. The letters of Peter were written by the apostle Peter, one of the best-known figures in the New Testament.

  2. The theme of 1 Peter is salvation in the midst of suffering.

  3. In 1 Peter, the ways of the Christian and the ways of the world are contrasted.

  4. Second Peter focuses on sanctification, Scripture, warnings against false teachers, and the end of the age.

  5. While there is considerable discussion about the authorship of 1, 2, and 3 John, there are good reasons to affirm that John the apostle was the author.

  6. In 1 John the Christians were exhorted to love one another.

  7. Second John was written to “the chosen lady” and her children and emphasizes the same matters as 1 John.

  8. Third John was written to Gaius, whom John commends for being faithful and walking in the truth.

  9. Jude was written to urge the Christians to contend for the faith.

  10. Jude lists the sins of evildoers, whom he urges Christians to resist.

Study Questions

  1. Who was Peter? Briefly outline his life.

  2. What comfort does Peter offer to his suffering friends?

  3. How is the pilgrim-believer to live?

  4. What is the supreme goal of the believer?