Text, Translation, Reading and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

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"This important work must be commended most heartily. The range of articles is impressive. . . . This will be one of the standard works of reference, which all decent libraries should possess."--Expository Times

The term "Mikra" is frequently used interchangeably with "Bible" and "Holy Scripture." Nevertheless the term carries more freight, for it means "the way in which the text has always been and ought to be recited and understood by those who have been closely connected with the texts." The many scholars, all specialists in their fields, who contribute to this expansive volume elucidate the many translations and interpretations of the texts from the formation of the canon, through the Greek and Aramaic translations, the Samaritans, the Rabbis, the New Testament writers, the Latin translations, and the early Christian fathers.

The Authors

  1. Martin J. Mulder

    Martin J. Mulder

    Martin J. Mulder was born in Ter Aar, The Netherlands, in 1923. He studied theology at the Free University of Amsterdam and Semitic languages at Leiden University. He was professor of Semitic languages at the Free University of Amsterdam (1970-1979) and...

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  2. Harry Sysling

    Harry Sysling

    Harry Sysling was born in Voorst, The Netherlands, in 1947. He studied theology and Semitic languages at the Free University of Amsterdam and received his PhD in 1991 from the University of Leiden. He lectured in Rabbinic Hebrew at Leiden University and worked...

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"A vast amount of important information and useful knowledge has been brought together in this large (but not unreasonably priced) tome. I envy the person who can truly say that he or she has nothing to learn from it. But I doubt whether such a person will easily be found."--The Studia Philonica

"This important work must be commended most heartily. The range of articles is impressive. . . . This will be one of the standard works of reference, which all decent libraries should possess."--Expository Times

"In its range of coverage the volume breaks some new ground, for no other work of this nature offers anything really comparable. . . . Not the least important feature of this volume is the fact that it embraces both Jewish and Christian tradition, thus emphasizing the importance of studying these two traditions together, rather than in isolation, as has all too often been the case in the past. As one might expect from such a distinguished team of scholars, the quality of the contributions is generally high, and some are outstanding. . . . All in all, this may be judged an eminently successful and useful volume." --Oxford Journals: Journal of Seminary Studies

"Especially appreciated [is] the effort to include such a range of views (not least of which are Jewish and Christian views) in the same text."--Review of Biblical Literature

"The focus of this volume, Mikra (or scripture), makes it of great interest to New Testament scholars. . . . It has proved to be an invaluable reference work on the shelves of many biblical scholars since it was first published. . . . Its price in hardback, however, meant that many people could not afford to buy it. A paperback edition is, therefore, to be warmly welcomed as this means that it can be more widely used by students and scholars alike."--Journal for the Study of the New Testament

"This affordable paperback version . . . makes the volume more accessible to individual scholars as well as easy for libraries to acquire. . . . [T]he book remains a very helpful resource for information and informed perspective on HB/OT interpretation in the period up to and including the early church fathers, with an emphasis on the second temple and talmudic eras."--Heythrop Journal

"An important volume. . . . Mikra remains a weighty collection of essays by distinguished scholars."--Southwestern Journal of Theology

"It is a real delight to see this comprehensive study in paperback. . . . A comprehensive study such as this can only enhance our understanding of the development of the biblical text and our interpretation of it. Moreover, as the approaches examined cover both the Jewish and Christian traditions, it contributes enormously to our knowledge of how these traditions transmitted, translated (and reinterpreted) a common text in varying ways. This is a highly valuable tool. An absolute must for any personal and institutional library!"--Expository Times

"Seminary libraries should include this volume in their collections because of its breadth in presenting the history of the Hebrew Bible. The contributors are well-known and respected scholars. Where the historical information is allowed to stand, the content is valuable and references to resources provide an efficient springboard for further research."--Master's Seminary Journal

"This volume serves as a good scholarly introduction . . . for students of both the Old and New Testaments. Though it is introductory rather than comprehensive in its treatment of textual criticism, it is a heavyweight volume worth serious study. Extensive bibliography and notes offer assistance for those who want to probe further. Indexes help the reader find references to given passages and authors. Serious students of the Hebrew Bible will find a wealth of helpful material here."--Wisconsin Lutheran Quarterly

"Students will garner pertinent information on the text of the Old Testament, its transmission, and its interpretation."--Theoforum

"[This volume] covers three critical issues in dealing with the text of the Hebrew Bible. First it addresses issues related to the formation of the text followed by discussions around the work of translation and finally the history of interpretation of the Hebrew Bible. The detail and precision of the discussion is commendable given the enormous complexity of many of these issues. Even a cursory reading of this book highlights this great complexity particularly in regard to the origins and evolution of the text we now refer to as the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament. The great strength of the volume is the way in which such a diverse topic is approached by a number of writers in diverse ways. While acknowledging these complexities the editors have brought together an excellent range of scholarship which describes, analyses, and evaluates various aspects of research. Emerging from this is a conversation in which readers are invited to become more informed of the issues and also to engage with the issues themselves."--Colloquium