A Peaceable Hope

Contesting Violent Eschatology in New Testament Narratives

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In the New Testament texts, there is significant tension between Jesus's nonviolent mission and message and the apparent violence attributed to God and God's agents at the anticipated end. David Neville explores that tension and challenges the ready association between New Testament eschatology and retributive vengeance on christological and canonical grounds.

Neville explores the narrative sections of the New Testament--the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation--with a view to developing a peaceable, as opposed to retributive, understanding of New Testament eschatology. He develops a "hermeneutic of shalom" for reading these texts and offers interpretive resources for grappling responsibly with them. Neville shows that for every narrative text in the New Testament that anticipates a vehement eschatology, another promotes a largely peaceable eschatology. This work for students and scholars of the New Testament and theology furthers the growing discussion of violence and the doctrine of the atonement.
 
Contents
 
Introduction
Part 1: The Gospels according to Matthew and Mark
1. Nonretaliation or Vengeance? Protesting Matthew's Violent Eschatology
2. Peaceful Power: Pleading Mark's Ethical Eschatology
Part 2: The Lukan Literature
3. The Evangelist of Peace
4. "As in the Days of Noah and Lot": Retributive Eschatology in Luke's Gospel
5. "In the Same Way": Restoration Eschatology in Acts
Part 3: Johannine Trajectories
6. Nonviolent Apocalypse: The Peace Witness of the Fourth Gospel
7. Apocalypse of the Lamb: Reading Revelation in Peace Perspective
Concluding Reflections
Index

Endorsements

"The notorious disjunction between the peaceable Jesus who commands love of enemy and the returning Jesus who brings punitive vengeance is here met head-on. Neville is historically honest, hermeneutically sophisticated, and personally candid. This is New Testament theology at its best and most helpful."

Dale C. Allison Jr., Errett M. Grable Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary

"In this lucid and resolutely honest discussion, David Neville examines the discrepancy that exists between Jesus's advocacy of nonretaliation and peacemaking in the gospel tradition and portrayals of eschatological judgment steeped in retributive violence. Neville navigates his way through this tricky territory with skill and sensitivity, respecting both the text's significant diversity and its enduring authority. Troubling texts remain troubling, but Neville's 'hermeneutic of shalom' provides an immensely useful way of acknowledging the problem without losing sight of the peaceable hope vouchsafed in God's nonviolent self-disclosure in Jesus Christ and undergirding the canonical trajectory as a whole."

Christopher Marshall, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

"Neville's superb treatment of the disjunction between Jesus as inaugurator of peace and the imagery of judgment with violent retribution is thorough and judicious. Accepting eschatological judgment, he contends this does not negate God's Covenant of Peace as a definitive moral imperative for understanding Jesus's words and deeds in the Synoptic Gospels. John's apocalyptic eschatology (much realized) does not envision violent retribution; Jesus and the Paraclete promise peace amid persecution. Neville's careful research--laudably interacting in depth with current scholarship and interpretive discernment--contributes richly to a foremost moral issue in New Testament interpretation and Christian praxis. Infused and guided by peace and eschatological hope, this book is not to be missed!"

Willard Swartley, professor emeritus of New Testament, Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary

"With this latest book in the venerable Studies of Peace in Scripture series Neville joins the volatile and timely conversation regarding the presence of violence in the New Testament. The heart of Neville's study is the proposal that Jesus's nonviolent mission and message of peace serve as means to assess the faithfulness of the New Testament witnesses to that mission, in particular the evangelists and John of Patmos. All readers, even those restless with how much daylight Neville finds between a nonviolent Jesus and sometimes vengeful eschatologies of his New Testament witnesses, will benefit greatly from this rich storehouse of erudition, honest engagement with difficult biblical texts, theological and moral vision, and the transparent presentation of arguments and conclusions emerging from Neville's 'hermeneutics of shalom.'"

Thomas R. Yoder Neufeld, professor New Testament, Conrad Grebel University College, University of Waterloo; author of Killing Enmity: Violence and the New Testament

"Can there be divine judgment without divine vengeance and violence? Does NT eschatology undermine NT ethics? David Neville's detailed exegetical and hermeneutical study of the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation makes a valuable contribution to these important questions. It is a manifesto for, and a demonstration of, a hermeneutic of peace."

Michael J. Gorman, Raymond E. Brown Professor of Biblical Studies and Theology, St. Mary's Seminary & University, Baltimore

"For those concerned about the apparent conflict between Jesus's vision of peace and God's retributive judgment, Neville provides a very thorough, carefully nuanced examination of the relevant texts in the four Gospels, Acts, and Revelation, and develops thoughtful hermeneutical guidelines from this process."

Thomas Finger, author of A Contemporary Anabaptist Theology


The Author

  1. David J Neville

    David J Neville

    David J. Neville (PhD, Murdoch University) is associate professor of theology and lecturer in New Testament studies at Charles Sturt University in Canberra, Australia. He is the author or editor of several books.

    Continue reading about David J Neville

Reviews

"This is an important and thoughtful book that tackles a challenging issue in New Testament interpretation, namely, how to reconcile the gospel portrayal of Jesus as a teacher and exemplar of peace and nonviolence with texts that present Jesus as returning at the end of time as a vengeful, violent judge. Neville . . . engages this question in a thorough and competent manner. . . . This is a fine study that makes a genuine contribution to a theology of peace grounded in the New Testament."

Donald Senior, CP,

The Bible Today

"This study of the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation refuses to banish one set of texts in favor of the other. It affirms God's prerogative to judge even as it takes Jesus' incarnation, life, and teachings as primary determinants for character sketches of the God who will judge. Neville models a conversational, honest, and sometimes confrontational approach to reckoning with theological tensions and morally contradictory crosscurrents within particular biblical books and across the New Testament as a whole."

Matthew L. Skinner,

Christian Century

"What do the NT eschatological visions reveal about the character of God and the ethics that cohere with that theology? Are eschatological visions of retributive violence consistent with the teachings of Jesus on the one hand and with a theology of peace on the other? A Peaceable Hope is Neville's most substantial contribution so far to these questions. . . . This is a delightful, intriguing, and well-argued book. . . . [This] fine contribution . . . needs to be taken seriously in any investigation of NT eschatology with regard to peace, nonviolence, and the character of God."

Loren L. Johns,

Conrad Grebel Review


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